At PMI Science, we welcome and encourage independent research on our products and our methods and results. Over the past few years a growing number of organizations and institutions have initiated studies around our smoke-free alternatives/reduced-risk products and/or the methods/results surrounding them.

Below we've listed those independent studies with original data. For the sake of full transparency, we included all independent studies even if at times, we disagree with the methodology followed and/or the conclusions reached.

Last updated October 16, 2019.

Independent studies