Construction of a computable network model for DNA damage, autophagy, cell death, and senescence


Authored by  S Gebel*, RB Lichtner, B Frushour, W Schlage, V Hoang*, M Talikka, A Hengstermann*, C Mathis, E Veljkovic, M Peck, M Peitsch, R Deehan*, J Hoeng, JW Westra*

Published in Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     
* This author is not affiliated with PMI.

Abstract

Towards the development of a systems biology-based risk assessment approach for environmental toxicants, including tobacco products in a systems toxicology setting such as the "21st Century Toxicology", we are building a series of computable biological network models specific to non-diseased pulmonary and cardiovascular cells/tissues which capture the molecular events that can be activated following exposure to environmental toxicants. Here we extend on previous work and report on the construction and evaluation of a mechanistic network model focused on DNA damage response and the four main cellular fates induced by stress: autophagy, apoptosis, necroptosis, and senescence. In total, the network consists of 34 sub-models containing 1052 unique nodes and 1538 unique edges which are supported by 1231 PubMed-referenced literature citations. Causal node-edge relationships are described using the Biological Expression Language (BEL), which allows for the semantic representation of life science relationships in a computable format. The Network is provided in .XGMML format and can be viewed using freely available network visualization software, such as Cytoscape.