In vivo studies are performed on laboratory animals. These studies are the most reliable methods to view complex diseases today without compromising human safety. We use rodents for inhalation studies and for modeling tobacco-related diseases.
In vitro and in silico studies are not yet able to fully mimic complex disease biology and therefore it is not yet possible to completely eliminate animal testing.
Similarly to universities and pharmaceutical companies, we already replace any animal testing method that is possible today with in vitro and in silico alternatives, as long as human safety is not compromised.
When replacement is not possible, the number of animals in each experiment is reduced to the minimum.
While working on the replacement methods, animal well-being is continuously improved when refining older approaches. PMI has in vivo facilities at our Singapore premises.
In detail about our experimental systems:
Experimental Data Production