Peer-Reviewed Publications

      Blood and urine multi-omics analysis of the impact of e-vaping, smoking, and cessation: from exposome to molecular responses

      Poussin, C.; Titz, B.; Xiang, Y.; Baglia, L.; Berg, R.; Bornand, D.; Choukrallah, M. A.; Curran, T.; Dijon, S.; Dossin, E.; Dulize, R.; Etter, D.; Fatarova, M.; Felber Medlin, L.; Haiduc, A.; Kishazi, E.; Kolli, A. R.; Kondylis, A.; Kottelat, E.; Laszlo, C.; Lavrynenko, O.; Eb-Levadoux, Y.; Nury, C.; Peric, D.; Rizza, M.; Schneider, T.; Guedj, E.; Calvino, F.; Sierro, N.; Guy, P.; Ivanov, N. V.; Picavet, P.; Spinelli, S.; Hoeng, J.; Peitsch, M.C.

      Feb 21, 2024

      Cigarette smoking is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. While quitting smoking is the best option, switching from cigarettes to non-combustible alternatives (NCAs) such as e-vapor products is a viable harm reduction approach for smokers who would otherwise continue to smoke. A key challenge for the clinical assessment of NCAs is that self-reported product use can be unreliable, compromising the proper evaluation of their risk reduction potential. In this cross-sectional study of 205 healthy volunteers, we combined comprehensive exposure characterization with in-depth multi-omics profiling to compare effects across four study groups: cigarette smokers (CS), e-vapor users (EV), former smokers (FS), and never smokers (NS). Multi-omics analyses included metabolomics, transcriptomics, DNA methylomics, proteomics, and lipidomics. Comparison of the molecular effects between CS and NS recapitulated several previous observations, such as increased inflammatory markers in CS. Generally, FS and EV demonstrated intermediate molecular effects between the NS and CS groups. Stratification of the FS and EV by combustion exposure markers suggested that this position on the spectrum between CS and NS was partially driven by non-compliance/dual use. Overall, this study highlights the importance of in-depth exposure characterization before biological effect characterization for any NCA assessment study.